Emotional Effects of Depression


Depression is one of the most prevalent health problems, according to the Mayo Clinic. When a patient is afflicted with depression, she has significant changes in her mood and emotions. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) states that “these symptoms include feeling sad, hopeless, worthless or pessimistic.” The emotional effects of depression can impact the patient's life, causing her to withdraw from daily activities and have problems sleeping. When these emotional effects become more severe, the patient can have suicidal thoughts.

Changes in Mood
The NIH states that a patient with depression can feel hopeless and helpless. Even if events in the patient's life are advantageous for him, his depression will prevent his mood from improving. Another emotional effect of depression is the feeling of worthlessness, where the patient has self-hate and feels that his life is not worth living. The patient may also experience inappropriate guilt. The Mayo Clinic adds that the patient can have sadness and crying spells that do not have any apparent cause. Overall, the patient with depression has a low mood.

Irritability
Another emotional effect of depression is irritability, according to the Mayo Clinic. The patient can become more irritated or agitated, which can be a drastic change in emotions compared to the continuous sadness typically associated with depression. Being easily annoyed is another symptom of depression. The NIH adds that the patient may also be restless.

Suicide
When the emotions of worthlessness and hopelessness escalate, the patient can develop suicidal thoughts. The patient can develop a preoccupation with death, which may lead to suicidal behaviors and attempts. The NIH notes that up to 15 percent of patients with major depressive disorder, one type of depression, die by suicide. If suicidal thoughts or behaviors are noted in the patient, immediate psychiatric help should be sought.