How to Treat Heat Stroke

How to Treat Heat Stroke

Heat stroke is a serious medical emergency, requiring aggressive cooling and immediate evacuation.

Things You'll Need
  • Notebooks
  • Sports drinks
  • Pens
  • Thermometers
  • Water Filters
  • Oral Rehydration Salts
  • Rectal Thermometer
  • Bandannas
  • Coolers
  • Ice
  • Wilderness First Aid Classes
  • Cold Compresses


1. Evaluate for heat stroke (see "How to Assess Heat Illness"). If you suspect heat stroke, treat with the following steps.

2. Move the patient out of direct sunlight, preferably into a cool, shaded area.

3. Have the patient lie flat and elevate his or her feet.

4. Remove heat-retaining clothing.

5. Wet the patient down and fan him or her, or immerse the patient in cool water.

6. Place ice packs on the patient's head, back of the neck, armpits, palms of the hands, soles of the feet and groin.

7. Hydrate well with lots of water, a diluted sports drink or oral rehydration solution, but only if the patient is conscious enough to hold a cup and drink unassisted.

8. Monitor body temperature frequently, keeping careful notes on how long the patient remains at a given temperature. Transfer these notes when you transfer care.

9. Evacuate immediately, continually monitoring and writing down the patient's body temperature.